Auresz: Różnice pomiędzy wersjami

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Linia 16: Linia 16:
 
! Półprzymknięte
 
! Półprzymknięte
 
| [e]
 
| [e]
| rowspan=2| [ə]
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
! Półotwarte
 
! Półotwarte
 
| [ɛ]
 
| [ɛ]
| [ʌ] [ɔ]
+
| rowspan=2| [a]
 +
| [ɔ]
 
|-
 
|-
 
! Otwarte
 
! Otwarte
 
| [æ]
 
| [æ]
| [a]
 
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|-
Linia 31: Linia 31:
 
|-
 
|-
 
! Dyftongi
 
! Dyftongi
| colspan=3| [æɪ] [æə] [aʊ] [eʊ]<br/>[ʌɪ] [eɪ] [oʊ]
+
| colspan=3| [æɪ] [aʊ]<br/>[] [eɪ] [oʊ]
 
|}
 
|}
  
Linia 50: Linia 50:
 
|-
 
|-
 
! Nosowe
 
! Nosowe
| [m] <small>'''m'''~'''nm'''</small>
+
| [m] <small>'''m nm'''</small>
| colspan=2| [n] <small>'''n'''~'''nn'''~'''nh'''</small>
+
| colspan=2| [n] <small>'''n nn nh'''</small>
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
|
Linia 59: Linia 59:
 
! Zwarte
 
! Zwarte
 
| [p] <small>'''p'''</small> [b] <small>'''b'''</small>
 
| [p] <small>'''p'''</small> [b] <small>'''b'''</small>
| colspan=2| [t] <small>'''t'''~'''tt'''</small> [d] <small>'''d'''~'''dt'''</small>
+
| colspan=2| [t] <small>'''t tt'''</small> [d] <small>'''d dt'''</small>
 
|
 
|
 
| [c] <small>'''tg'''</small>
 
| [c] <small>'''tg'''</small>
| [k] <small>'''c'''~'''q'''</small>
+
| [k] <small>'''c q'''</small>
| [ʔ] <small>'''h'''</small>
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
! Afrykaty
 
! Afrykaty
 
|
 
|
| colspan=2| [ʦ] <small>'''tx'''</small> [ʣ] <small>'''z'''</small>
+
|
| [ʧ] <small>'''ce'''</small> [ʤ] <small>'''ge'''</small>
+
|
 +
| [ʧ] <small>'''ce'''</small>
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
|
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|-
 
|-
 
! Szczelinowe
 
! Szczelinowe
| [f] <small>'''f'''~'''fh'''</small> [v] <small>'''v'''~'''bh'''</small>
+
| [f] <small>'''f fh fv'''</small> [v] <small>'''v bh'''</small>
| [θ] <small>'''xh'''~'''ct'''</small> [ð] <small>'''z'''</small>
+
| [θ] <small>'''xh ct'''</small> [ð] <small>'''z'''</small>
| [s] <small>'''s'''~'''ss'''</small> [z] <small>'''x'''</small>
+
| [s] <small>'''s ss'''</small> [z] <small>'''x'''</small>
| [ʃ] <small>'''sx'''</small> [ʒ] <small>'''xz'''~'''ze'''</small>
+
| [ʃ] <small>'''sx'''</small> [ʒ] <small>'''xz ze'''</small>
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
|
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! Sonoranty
 
! Sonoranty
 
| [w] <small>'''vh'''</small>
 
| [w] <small>'''vh'''</small>
 +
| colspan=2| [l~ɫ] <small>'''l lh'''</small>
 
|
 
|
|
+
| [j] <small>'''ll le'''</small>
|
 
| [j] <small>'''l'''~'''le'''</small>
 
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
|
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|
 
|
 
|
 
|
|
+
| colspan=2| [r~ɽ] <small>'''r rh'''</small>
| [ɽ] <small>'''r'''</small>
 
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|-
! Boczne
 
|
 
| colspan=2| [l] <small>'''l'''~'''lh'''</small> [ɫ] <small>'''rh'''</small>
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
|
 
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align: center;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align: center;"
|+ '''Samogłoski'''
+
|+ '''Ortografia'''
 
|-
 
|-
 
! colspan=2| Ortografia
 
! colspan=2| Ortografia
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! Przykład
 
! Przykład
 
|-
 
|-
| rowspan=3| i
+
| colspan=2| '''b'''
| <small>Na początku</small>
+
| [b]
| [e]
+
|
| '''I'''ber
 
 
|-
 
|-
| <small>W środku</small>
+
| rowspan=2| '''c'''
| [i]
+
| <small>Przed e, i, ae</small>
| N'''i'''sxaon
+
| [s]
 +
|
 
|-
 
|-
| <small>Na końcu</small>
+
| <small>Gdzie indziej</small>
| [i]~[Ø]
+
| [k]
| Sad'''i''', Sxer'''i'''
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
| rowspan=3| e
+
| colspan=2| '''ce'''
| <small>Na początku</small>
+
| [ʧ]
| [e]
+
|
| '''E'''sxt
 
 
|-
 
|-
| <small>W środku</small>
+
| rowspan=2| '''d'''
| [e]
+
| <small>Między samogłoskami</small>
| T'''e'''n
+
| [ð]
 +
|
 
|-
 
|-
| <small>Na końcu</small>
+
| <small>Gdzie indziej</small>
| [e]~[Ø]
+
| [d]
| Tgr'''e''', Saih'''e'''
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
| rowspan=3| a
+
| '''dt'''
| <small>Na początku</small>
+
| [t]
| [æ]
+
|
| '''A'''xse
 
 
|-
 
|-
| <small>W środku</small>
+
| colspan=2| '''f fh fv'''
| [æ]
+
| [f]
| M'''a'''tre
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
| <small>Na końcu</small>
+
| rowspan=2| '''g'''
| [æ]
+
| <small>Przed e, i, ae</small>
| Vel'''a'''
+
| [j]
 +
|
 
|-
 
|-
| rowspan=3| o
+
| <small>Gdzie indziej</small>
| <small>Na początku</small>
+
| [ŋ]
| [ɔ]
+
|
| '''O'''re
 
 
|-
 
|-
| <small>W środku</small>
+
| rowspan=2| '''h'''
| [a]~[ɔ]
+
| <small>Przed samogłoskami</small>
| M'''o'''lh, S'''o'''re
+
| [h]
 +
|
 
|-
 
|-
| <small>Na końcu</small>
+
| <small>Gdzie indziej</small>
| [ɔ]
+
| [Ø]
| Nez'''o'''
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
| rowspan=3| u
+
| rowspan=3| '''l'''
| <small>Na początku</small>
+
| <small>Przed p, b, t, d, c, tg, ce</small>
| [ɶ]
+
| [j]
| '''U'''ze
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
| <small>W środku</small>
+
| <small>Finalnie, przed r</small>
| [ɶ]~[ʊ]
+
| [ɫ]
| T'''u'''m, C'''u'''ve
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
| <small>Na końcu</small>
+
| <small>Gdzie indziej</small>
| []
+
| [l]
| Rh'''o'''
+
|
 
|-
 
|-
| colspan=2|
+
| rowspan=2| '''ll'''
 +
| <small>Finalnie</small>
 +
| [j]
 
|
 
|
 +
|-
 +
| <small>Gdzie indziej</small>
 +
| [jl]
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|-
| colspan=2|
+
| colspan=2| '''m'''
|
+
| [m]
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|-
| colspan=2|
+
| rowspan=2| '''t'''
|
+
| <small>Niefinalnie</small>
 +
| [t]
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|-
| colspan=2|
+
| <small>Finalnie</small>
|
+
| [Ø]
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|-
| colspan=2|
+
| rowspan=2| '''tt'''
|
+
| <small>Niefinalnie</small>
 +
| [t]
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|-
| colspan=2|
+
| <small>Finalnie</small>
|
+
| [θ]
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|-
| colspan=2|
+
| colspan=2| '''p'''
|
+
| [p]
 
|
 
|
 
|-
 
|-
| colspan=2|
 
|
 
|
 
|}
 

Wersja z 03:05, 22 lis 2013


Samogłoski
Przednie Centralne Tylne
Przymknięte [i] [ʊ]
Półprzymknięte [e]
Półotwarte [ɛ] [a] [ɔ]
Otwarte [æ]
Dyftongi [æɪ] [aʊ]
[eʊ] [eɪ] [oʊ]
Spółgłoski
Wargowe Koronalne Dorsalne Krtaniowe
Zębowe Dziąsłowe Zadziąsłowe Palatalne Welarne
Nosowe [m] m nm [n] n nn nh [ŋ] g
Zwarte [p] p [b] b [t] t tt [d] d dt [c] tg [k] c q
Afrykaty [ʧ] ce
Szczelinowe [f] f fh fv [v] v bh [θ] xh ct [ð] z [s] s ss [z] x [ʃ] sx [ʒ] xz ze [h] h
Sonoranty [w] vh [l~ɫ] l lh [j] ll le
Uderzeniowe [r~ɽ] r rh
Ortografia
Ortografia Wymowa Przykład
b [b]
c Przed e, i, ae [s]
Gdzie indziej [k]
ce [ʧ]
d Między samogłoskami [ð]
Gdzie indziej [d]
dt [t]
f fh fv [f]
g Przed e, i, ae [j]
Gdzie indziej [ŋ]
h Przed samogłoskami [h]
Gdzie indziej [Ø]
l Przed p, b, t, d, c, tg, ce [j]
Finalnie, przed r [ɫ]
Gdzie indziej [l]
ll Finalnie [j]
Gdzie indziej [jl]
m [m]
t Niefinalnie [t]
Finalnie [Ø]
tt Niefinalnie [t]
Finalnie [θ]
p [p]