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| oː(ɹ)
 
| oː(ɹ)
 
|-
 
|-
 +
| t'''our''', m'''oor'''
 +
| u(ə̯)ɹ
 +
| ʊ(ə̯)ɹ
 +
| colspan=3 | u(ə̯)ɹ
 +
| colspan=2 | ʊ(ə̯)ɹ
 +
| uɜ̯ ~ u(ə̯)ɹV
 +
| colspan=2 | u(ə̯)ɹ
 +
| ʊɹ
 +
| colspan=2 | ʊɹ ~ ɔɹ ~ oɹ
 +
| ɵː(ɹ) ~ oː(ɹ)
 +
|-
 +
| '''Eur'''ope, p'''ure'''
 +
| ju(ə̯)ɹ
 +
| jʊ(ə̯)ɹ
 +
| colspan=3 | ju(ə̯)ɹ
 +
| colspan=2 | jʊ(ə̯)ɹ
 +
| juɜ̯ ~ ju(ə̯)ɹV
 +
| colspan=2 | ju(ə̯)ɹ
 +
| colspan=3 | jʊɹ ~ jɝ ~ jɚ
 +
| jɵː(ɹ) ~ joː(ɹ)
 +
|-
 +
| si'''ng'''er, si'''ng''' ͜  it!
 +
| colspan=2 | ŋɡ
 +
| colspan=3 | ŋɡ
 +
| colspan=2 | ŋɡ
 +
| colspan=3 | ŋɡ
 +
| rowspan=2; colspan=3 | ŋ
 +
| rowspan=2 | ŋ
 +
|-
 +
| si'''ng''', ri'''ng''', thi'''ng'''
 +
| colspan=2 | ŋ
 +
| colspan=3 | ŋ
 +
| colspan=2 | ŋ
 +
| colspan=3 | ŋ
 +
|-
 +
| do'''ing''', anyth'''ing'''
 +
| ɪ̈ŋ
 +
| ɪŋ
 +
| ɪ̈ŋ ~ ɪ̈n
 +
| ɪ̈ŋ
 +
| ɪ̈ŋ ~ ɪ̈n
 +
| colspan=2 | ɪŋ ~ ɪn
 +
| colspan=2 | n̩ ~ ən
 +
| ɪ̈ŋ ~ ɪ̈n
 +
| colspan=3 | ɪŋ
 +
| ɪŋ

Wersja z 14:05, 21 wrz 2015

Fonem(y) General NFE Dialekt zachodni Dialekt centralny Dialekt wschodni General

Canadian

General American Received

Pronunciation

East & West Central Southern Thomasow

(central)

Krikow

(northern)

Trad. New Trad.

Non-rhotic

Trad.

Rhotic

New With cot-

-caught merger

Without cot-

-caught merger

ban, damn ɛˑ ~ ɛə̯ eə̯ ɛə̯ ɛˑ ~ ɛə̯ ɛˑ eə̯ a æ̝ˑ ~ ɛə̯ ~ eə̯ æ ~ a
tag, bag, rang ɛˑ ɛˑ æ ~ æ̝ˑ ~ ɛə̯ ~ eə̯
lad, bad, cat a æ a æ æ
pass, path ɑː
father ɒˑ ~ ɑˑ ɑ̈ˑ ɑˑ ɑ̈ˑ ɑ̈ˑ ɒˑ ɒ ~ ɑ ɑ ~ ä
not, bother, cot ɒ ~ ɔ
off, loss, cloth, want ɔ ~ ɒ
long, dog ɔˑ ~ ɔ̝ˑ ɔˑ ɔ̝ˑ ɔ̝ˑ
law, caught, all
about ə̞ ~ ɐ̝ ə̞ ~ ɐ̝ ə̞ ~ ɐ̝ ə̞ ~ ɜ ə ə
comma, soda ɐ ~ ʌ̠ ɐ ɐ ʌ̠ ɜ ɜ ~ ɐ ~ ʌ̠ ɐ ɐ?
run, won, flood ɯ̽ ~ ɐ ɯ̽ ʌ ʌ̈ ~ ɐ̝ ə ~ ʌ ~ ɑ
put, hood, would ʊ ~ u u ʊ ~ u ʊ ʊ u ʊ ʊ ~ ɵ̠
through, you uˑ ~ u̞u̯ ~ ʉu̯ u̟u̯ ~ ʉu̯ uˑ ~ u̟u̯ ʉu̯ ɪu̯ u̟u̯ ~ ʉu̯ ɵu̯
cute, ewe juˑ ~ ju̟u̯ ~ jʉu̯ ju̟u̯ ~ jʉu̯ juˑ ~ ju̟u̯ juˑ jʉu̯ jɪu̯ ju̟u̯ ~ jʉu̯ ju̟ ju̟ː ~ jʉː
spotted ɪ̈ ɪ̈ ɪ̈ ɪ̈ ɪ̈ ɪ̈ ɪ
sit, fix ɪ ɪ ɪ
city, happy i i i i ~ ɪ ɪj
date, day, pain ɛ̝i̯ ~ eˑ ɛ̝i̯ eɪ̯ ~ e ɛɪ̯
nail ɛ̝jəl ~ ɛ̝jl̩ ~ eˑl ~ eə̯ɫ ɛ̝jəl ~ ɛ̝jl̩ eə̯ɫ eˑl e(ɪ̯)ə̯ɫ ɛɪ̯ə̯ɫ ?
see, meat i ɪj
bet, bread ɛ ɛ̝ ɛ ɛ̝ ɛ ɛ e̞ ~ ɛ
Fonem(y) General NFE Dialekt zachodni Dialekt centralny Dialekt wschodni General

Canadian

General American Received

Pronunciation

East & West Central Southern Thomasow

(central)

Krikow

(northern)

Trad. New Trad.

Non-rhotic

Trad.

Rhotic

New With cot-

-caught merger

Without cot-

-caught merger

burn, work, world ɚ ɚ ɚ ɵˑ ~ ɚ + V ɚ ɝ ~ ɚ ~ ɹ̩ əː(ɹ) ~ ɜː(ɹ)
herd, earth, herb
bird, girl
winner, favo(u)r ɜ ~ ɚ + V ɚ ~ ɹ̩ (ɐ?) ~ ə(ɹ)
my, wise, high ai̯ ~ ɐi̯ ɑ̈i̯ ai̯ ~ ɐi̯ ɐi̯ ɑ̈i̯ ɑ̈i̯ ɜi̯ ai̯ aɪ̯ ~ ʌi̯ ɑɪ̯
boy, hoist ɔi̯ ~ oi̯ ɔi̯ oi̯ oi̯ ɔɪ̯ ɔɪ̯ ~ oɪ̯ oɪ̯
no, soap, folk ɔu̯ ʌ̠u̯ ɔu̯ ʌ̠ʉ̯ ~ əʉ̯ ʌ̠u̯ o̝ˑ oʊ̯ ~ o əʊ̯
cold, sold ɔˑld ʌ̠u̯ɫd ɔˑld ʌ̠u̯ɫd oˑl oʊ̯ ~ o ~ oə̯ əʊ̯ ~ ɒʊ̯ ~ ɔʊ̯
now, trout au̯ ~ ɐu̯ æʊ̯ ~ eə̯ʊ̯ au̯ ~ ɐu̯ ɐu̯ æʊ̯ ~ eə̯ʊ̯ ɜu̯ au̯ äʊ̯ ~ ʌu̯ äʊ̯ ~ æʊ̯ au̯
arm, car ɑɹ ~ ɑ̈ɹ ~ aɹ ɑɹ ɑ̈ɹ aˑ ~ aɹV ɑɹ ɑː(ɹ)
deer, here i(ə̯)ɹ i(ə̯)ɹ i(ə̯)ɹ iɜ̯ ~ i(ə̯)ɹV i(ə̯)ɹ ɪɹ i(ə̯)ɹ ɪə̯(ɹ) ~ ɪː(ɹ)
mare, there, bear ɛɹ ɛ̝ɹ ɛɹ ɛ̝ɹ ɛˑ ~ ɛɹV ɛɹ ɛɹ ɛ(ə̯)ɹ ~ eɹ ɛə̯(ɹ) ~ ɛː(ɹ)
sort, warm, boar ɔɹ ~ oɹ ɔɹ oˑ ~ oɹV ɔɹ ɔɹ ~ oɹ oː(ɹ)
tour, moor u(ə̯)ɹ ʊ(ə̯)ɹ u(ə̯)ɹ ʊ(ə̯)ɹ uɜ̯ ~ u(ə̯)ɹV u(ə̯)ɹ ʊɹ ʊɹ ~ ɔɹ ~ oɹ ɵː(ɹ) ~ oː(ɹ)
Europe, pure ju(ə̯)ɹ jʊ(ə̯)ɹ ju(ə̯)ɹ jʊ(ə̯)ɹ juɜ̯ ~ ju(ə̯)ɹV ju(ə̯)ɹ jʊɹ ~ jɝ ~ jɚ jɵː(ɹ) ~ joː(ɹ)
singer, sing ͜ it! ŋɡ ŋɡ ŋɡ ŋɡ ŋ ŋ
sing, ring, thing ŋ ŋ ŋ ŋ
doing, anything ɪ̈ŋ ɪŋ ɪ̈ŋ ~ ɪ̈n ɪ̈ŋ ɪ̈ŋ ~ ɪ̈n ɪŋ ~ ɪn n̩ ~ ən ɪ̈ŋ ~ ɪ̈n ɪŋ ɪŋ